Bee Species Assortment
Off 2009 so you’re able to 2018, 192 bee range (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila) was actually caught up for the Calanques Government Park thru both on the internet and you will dish pitfall series. It belonged so you can half dozen parents and you may 38 genera. Megachilidae are probably the most groups-rich relatives, followed closely by Apidae and you will Halictidae, that have 53, 49, and you may 43 groups, correspondingly. Andrena Fabricius, 1775 is actually the fresh wealthiest genus, which have 33 variety, whenever you are 7 genera was illustrated throughout the just one kinds (Stelis Panzer, 1806; Protosmia Ducke, 1900; Pseudoanthidium Friese, 1898; Coelioxys Latreille, 1809; Chelostoma Latreille, 1809; Anthidiellum Cockerell, 1904; Amegilla Friese, 1897; Panurgus Panzer, 1806; Supp Dining table 1 [on line only] ). Using the jackknife step 1 and you can dos bots, the fresh bee varieties fullness is simply projected becoming anywhere between ± 9.89 and ± . The viewed richness ergo depicted 71.step 3 in order to 79.6% of your own estimated bee richness ( Table dos). New Chao1 means projected the latest seen fullness to find 76.8% of the potential limit fullness ( Table dos). The absolute most abundant species is simply Apis mellifera L. (276 people), which have Rhodanthidium septemdentatum (Latreille, 1809), Rh. sticticum (Fabricius, 1787) (174 and you will 168 somebody, respectively), and you can Lasioglossum transitorium (Shenck, 1868) (113 some body). At some point, fifty kinds (26%) was basically represented because of the one individual (singletons).
Environment Features out-of Bees
Regarding your environment characteristics out of nesting requires, we knew 59 solitary bee variety nesting above flooring, ninety five solitary bee diversity nesting underground and you may 23 cleptoparasitic assortment, like 31.eight, 47.9, and you may numerous.0% of done bee diversity richness, respectively. I thought of four private species (bumble bees and you can honey bees-dos.1%). At some point, this new nesting choice away from fourteen variety are nevertheless unfamiliar (seven.3%- Supp Table the first step [on line simply] ). Regarding the flowery diet plan out of bee kinds, i learned that 105 systems (54.7%) foraged into of several bush variety (we.ages., generalist range, polylectic) and you can 51 species (26.5%) foraged on one plant household members if you don’t you to/pair bush variety (i.ages., elite group kinds, oligolectic). On kept thirty six bee variety (18.8%), the floral diet was not understood (age.g., which have cleptoparasitic variety). not, extremely generalist varieties shown an inclination for 1 otherwise a number of bush household ( Supp Dining table 1 [on the internet just] ). Towards the forty two singletons, fourteen bee kinds (28%) got specialist, and you may 9 bee kinds (18%) had been cleptoparasitic ( Supp Dining table step 1 [on line merely] ).
A passionate IUCN position are readily available to possess 178 assortment (leaving out this new classes houses and as yet not known products). The essential, 47 types are categorized as investigation devoid of (DD-twenty six.4%), 124 kinds was in fact a minimum worried (LC-69.6%), half dozen variety got close endangered (NT-step 3.4%; Andrena ovatula (Kirby, 1802), Colletes albomaculatus (Lucas, 1849), Dasypoda argentata Panzer, 1809, Halictus quadricinctus (Fabricius, 1776), Lasioglossum prasinum (Smith, 1848), and L. pygmaeum (Schenck, 1853)), and another variety is believed endangered (EN-0.6%; L. soror (Saunders, 1901)- Supp Dining table step 1 [on the web only] ). Around three oligolectic groups were one of many seven threatened bee systems. A great. ovatula and you will C. albomaculatus are expert into the Fabaceae, D. argentata is simply a professional on Caprifoliaceae.
Off 2009 so you’re able to 2018, 38 form of hover flies (Diptera: Syrphidae) was in fact caught inside Calanques National Park. They belonged to twenty-four genera ( Supp Table 2 [online merely] ). The essential numerous genera was Paragus Latreille, 1804 (33 people), Meliscaeva Frey, 1946 (14 individuals), and you may Sphaerophoria Lepeletier de– Saint-Fargeau Audinet-Serville in the Latreille, 1828 (13 some body), while 20 models (53%) was in fact depicted throughout the one individual ( Supp Table 2 [online simply] ). The newest bee flies (Diptera: Bombyliidae) was in fact illustrated of your 20 species, along with five singletons (25%) ( Supp Table 3 [on the web just] ). The new price off full diversity richness away-from hover flies and you may bee flies is anywhere between 83 and you may 97 categories by using the jackknife step one and 2 indexes, correspondingly. Consequently, the brand new viewed richness represented 59.8–69.9% of the estimated hover fly and you may bee fly richness ( Dining table 2).